Ford Taurus Service Manual: Specifications, Description and Operation, General Procedures

SPECIFICATIONS

Material

Ford Taurus. Engine

General Specifications

Ford Taurus. Engine

Ford Taurus. Engine

Ford Taurus. Engine

Ford Taurus. Engine

Ford Taurus. Engine

Torque Specifications

Ford Taurus. Engine

Ford Taurus. Engine

Ford Taurus. Engine

Ford Taurus. Engine

Tighten to 10 Nm (89 lb-in) plus an additional 720 degrees.
Tighten to 16 Nm (142 lb-in) plus an additional 180 degrees.
Refer to the procedure in this section.
Tighten to 5 Nm (44 lb-in) plus an additional 180 degrees.

DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION

Engine

Overview

The 3.7L (4V) is a V-6 engine with the following features:

  • Dual overhead camshafts
  • Four valves per cylinder
  • Sequential Multi-Port Fuel Injection (SFI)
  • Composite upper and lower intake manifolds
  • Aluminum cylinder heads
  • An aluminum, 60-degree V-cylinder block
  • Timing chain driven coolant pump
  • Twin independent Variable Camshaft Timing (VCT) system
  • An electronic ignition system with 6 ignition coils

Engine Identification

For quick identification, refer to the safety certification decal.

The decal is located on the LH front door lock face panel.

Engine Code Information Label

Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Engine part number
  2. Engine plant (Cleveland)
  3. Engine displacement
  4. Engine configuration
  5. Twin independent VCT
  6. Bar code
  7. Bar code
  8. Running number
  9. Engine build date (DDMMYY)
  10. Plant shift line
  11. Derivative code

Engine Cylinder Identification

Ford Taurus. Engine

System Operation

Engine Oil Flow Illustration

Ford Taurus. Engine

Ford Taurus. Engine

Ford Taurus. Engine

Lubrication System

The engine lubrication system is of the force-feed type in which oil is supplied under full pressure to the crankshaft, connecting rod bearings, timing chain tensioners, piston oil cooling jets and VCT solenoids. The flow of oil to the valve tappets and valve train is controlled by a restricting orifice located in the cylinder head, front camshaft cap.

Oil Pump

The lubrication system is designed to provide optimum oil flow to critical components of the engine through its entire operating range.

The heart of the system is a positive displacement internal gear oil pump.

Generically, this design is known as a gerotor pump, which operates as follows:

  • The oil pump is mounted on the front face of the cylinder block.
  • The inner rotor is piloted on the crankshaft post and is driven through flats on the crankshaft.
  • System pressure is limited by an integral, internally-vented relief valve which directs the bypassed oil back to the inlet side of the oil pump.
  • Oil pump displacement has been selected to provide adequate volume to make sure of correct oil pressure both at hot idle and maximum speed.
  • The relief valve calibration protects the system from excessive pressure during high-viscosity conditions.
  • The relief valve is designed to provide adequate connecting rod bearing lubrication under high temperature and high-speed conditions.

Valve Train

The valve train uses Direct Acting Mechanical Buckets (DAMB). The camshaft lobes are positioned directly above mechanical buckets which are positioned on top of the valves.

Twin Independent VCT System

The twin independent VCT system allows variable control of intake valve closing which optimizes combustion at full load providing improved power and low speed torque (broadening the torque curve) which enables variable valve overlap which provides better fuel economy and emissions and provides optimized cold start operation with improved exhaust emissions.

DIAGNOSIS AND TESTING

Engine

For basic engine mechanical concerns, refer to Section 303-00. For driveability concerns, refer to the Powertrain Control/Emissions Diagnosis (PC/ED) manual.

GENERAL PROCEDURES

Valve Clearance Check

  1. Remove the valve covers. For additional information, refer to Valve Cover - LH and Valve Cover - RH in this section.
  1. NOTE: Engine must be at room temperature before measuring. The valve clearance must be measured with the camshaft at base circle. The engine will have to be rotated with the crankshaft pulley bolt to bring each valve to base circle.

    Use a feeler gauge to measure the clearance of each valve and record its location. A midrange clearance is the most desirable:

    • Intake: 0.15-0.25 mm (0.006-0.01 in)
    • Exhaust: 0.360-0.460 mm (0.0142-0.0181 in)

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. NOTE: The number on the valve tappet reflects the thickness of the valve tappet. For example, a tappet with the number 3.310 has the thickness of 3.31 mm (0.13 in).

    If any of the valve clearances are out of specification, select new tappets using this formula: tappet thickness = measured clearance + the base tappet thickness - most desirable thickness.
    Select the tappets and mark the installation location.

  1. If required, install the new selected valve tappets in the marked locations. For additional information, refer to Valve Tappets in this section.
    In-Vehicle Repair
    Upper Intake Manifold Removal NOTICE: If the engine is repaired or replaced because of upper engine failure, typically including valve or piston damage, check the intake manifold for metal debr ...

    Other materials:

    MyKey
    Programming/Changing Configurable Settings Use the information display to access your configurable MyKey settings: 1. Switch the ignition on using an admin key. If your vehicle has push-button start, place the intelligent access key fob into the backup slot. The location of your backup slot is i ...

    General Procedures
    Keyless Entry Keypad Code Programming Remote Function Actuator (RFA) Module Keyless Entry Keypad Code Reset NOTE: This step is for transferring the factory keyless entry keycode from the BCM and programming it into the RFA module. Using a scan tool, follow the on-screen i ...

    Disassembly and Assembly of Subassemblies
    Cylinder Head Special Tool(s) Material Disassembly NOTICE: During engine repair procedures, cleanliness is extremely important. Any foreign material, including any material created while cleaning gasket surfaces, that enters the oil passages, coolant passages or the oil pan can cause en ...