Ford Taurus Service Manual: Removal and Installation

Block Heater - 2.0L GTDI

Removal

NOTE: Removal steps in this procedure may contain installation details.

  1. Drain the cooling system. For additional information, refer to Cooling System Draining, Filling and Bleeding in this section.
  1. NOTICE: To install, route the block heater power cable away from hot or rotating components, or the cable can be damaged.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    • To install, tighten to 40 Nm (30 lb-ft).

    Ford Taurus. Engine

Installation

  1. To install, reverse the removal procedure.
  1. Fill the cooling system. For additional information, refer to Cooling System Draining, Filling and Bleeding in this section.

Block Heater - 3.5L GTDI, 3.5L Ti-VCT, 3.7L Ti-VCT

NOTE: 3.5L shown, 3.7L Ti-VCT, 3.5L Gasoline Turbocharged Direct Injection (GTDI) similar.

Ford Taurus. Engine

Ford Taurus. Engine

Removal and Installation

All engines

  1. Drain the cooling system. For additional information, refer to Cooling System Draining, Filling and Bleeding in this section.

3.5L engine

  1. Remove the RH catalytic converter. For additional information, refer to Section 309-00.

3.5L Gasoline Turbocharged Direct Injection (GTDI) engine

  1. Remove the RH front wheel and tire. For additional information, refer to Section 204-04.
  1. If equipped, remove the 4 retainers and the underbody shield.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. If equipped, remove the 10 bolts and the skid plate.
    • To install, tighten to 70 Nm (52 lb-ft).

    Ford Taurus. Engine

All engines

  1. Remove the block heater cover.
  1. NOTICE: Make sure that the block heater wiring is routed and secured away from rotating or hot components, or damage to the wiring may occur.

    Disconnect the block heater electrical connector.

  1. Remove the block heater.
    • To install, tighten to 40 Nm (30 lb-ft).
  1. To install, reverse the removal procedure.
  1. Fill and bleed the cooling system. For additional information, refer to Cooling System Draining, Filling and Bleeding in this section.

Thermostat - 3.5L Ti-VCT, 3.7L Ti-VCT

Material

Ford Taurus. Engine

Ford Taurus. Engine

Ford Taurus. Engine

Removal and Installation

  1. Drain the cooling system. Refer to Cooling System Draining, Filling and Bleeding.
  1. Remove the engine ACL outlet pipe. Refer to Section 303-12.
  1. Remove the 2 bolts and position the coolant inlet connection aside.
    • To install, tighten to 10 Nm (89 lb-in).
  1. Remove the O-ring seal and thermostat.
    • Clean and inspect the O-ring seal. Install a new seal if necessary.
  1. NOTICE: Use Motorcraft Orange Antifreeze/Coolant. Do not mix coolant types. Mixing coolant types degrades the coolant corrosion protection and may damage the engine or cooling system.

    NOTE: Lubricate the thermostat O-ring seal with clean engine coolant.

    To install, reverse the removal procedure.
  1. Fill and bleed the cooling system. Refer to Cooling System Draining, Filling and Bleeding.

Thermostat - 3.5L GTDI

Material

Ford Taurus. Engine

Removal

NOTE: Removal steps in this procedure may contain installation details.

  1. Drain the cooling system. Refer to Cooling System Draining, Filling and Bleeding.
  1. Remove the ACL outlet pipe. For additional information, refer to Section 303-12.
  1. Wire brush. Apply the substance from the specified tube.
    • Material: Thread Sealant with PTFE.
    • To install, tighten to 10 Nm (89 lb-in).

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Visual check.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

Installation

  1. To install, reverse the removal procedure.
  1. Fill and bleed the cooling system. Refer to Cooling System Draining, Filling and Bleeding.

Thermostat Housing - 2.0L GTDI

Removal

NOTE: Removal steps in this procedure may contain installation details.

  1. Drain the cooling system. For additional information, refer to Cooling System Draining, Filling and Bleeding in this section.
  1. NOTICE: Cover the generator to prevent coolant contamination of the generator.

    Completely cover the generator with waterproof plastic.

  1. Visual check.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    • To install, tighten to 10 Nm (89 lb-in).

    Ford Taurus. Engine

Installation

  1. To install, reverse the removal procedure.
    • Make sure the plastic covering the generator is removed.
  1. Fill and bleed the cooling system. For additional information, refer to Cooling System Draining, Filling and Bleeding in this section.

Thermostat Housing - 3.5L Ti-VCT, 3.7L Ti-VC

Material

Ford Taurus. Engine

Removal

  1. Drain the cooling system. Refer to Cooling System Draining, Filling and Bleeding.
  1. Remove the ACL outlet pipe. Refer to Section 303-12.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. NOTE: Do not pull the other end of the coolant tube out of the engine block when separating the thermostat housing.

    Discard the specified component. Follow local disposal regulations.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Discard the specified component. Follow local disposal regulations.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

Installation

  1. NOTICE: Use Motorcraft Orange Antifreeze/Coolant. Do not mix coolant types. Mixing coolant types degrades the coolant corrosion protection and may damage the engine or cooling system.

    Install a new O-ring seal. Apply the specified lubricant to the specified component.

    • Motorcraft Orange Antifreeze/Coolant.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Install a new gasket.
    • Tighten the bolts in 2 stages.
      • Stage 1: Tighten to 8 Nm (72 lb-in).
      • Stage 2: Tighten an additional 90 degrees.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Install the ACL outlet pipe. Refer to Section 303-12.
  1. Fill and bleed the cooling system. Refer to Cooling System Draining, Filling and Bleeding.

Coolant Inlet Pipe - 3.5L Ti-VCT, 3.7L Ti-VCT

Material

Ford Taurus. Engine

Removal

  1. Remove the lower intake manifold. For 3.5L Ti-VCT engines, refer to Section 303-01A. For 3.7L Ti-VCT engines, refer to Section 303-01D.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    • Discard the specified component. Follow local disposal regulations.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

Installation

  1. NOTICE: Use Motorcraft Orange Antifreeze/Coolant. Do not mix coolant types. Mixing coolant types degrades the coolant corrosion protection and may damage the engine or cooling system.

    New O-ring seals.
    Apply the specified lubricant to the specified component.

    • Material: Motorcraft Orange Antifreeze/Coolant.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Install the lower intake manifold. For 3.5L Ti-VCT engines, refer to Section 303-01A. For 3.7L Ti-VCT engines, refer to Section 303-01D.

Coolant Inlet Pipe - 3.5L GTDI

Material

Ford Taurus. Engine

Removal

  1. With the vehicle in NEUTRAL, position it on a hoist. Refer to Section 100-02.
  1. Drain the cooling system. Refer to Cooling System Draining, Filling and Bleeding.
  1. If equipped.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. If equipped.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the fuel rails. Refer to Section 303-04B.
  1. Remove the battery tray. Refer to Section 414-01.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    Ford Taurus. Engine

Installation

  1. NOTICE: Use Motorcraft Orange Antifreeze/Coolant. Use the same type of coolant that was originally used to fill the cooling system. Do not mix coolant types. Mixing coolant types degrades the coolant corrosion protection and may damage the engine or cooling system.

    Lubricate the new O-ring seal.

    • Material: Motorcraft Orange Antifreeze/Coolant.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    • Tighten to 20 Nm (177 lb-in).

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Use new sealing washers.
    • Tighten to 40 Nm (30 lb-ft).

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    • Tighten to 10 Nm (89 lb-in).

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    • Tighten to 12 Nm (106 lb-in).

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    • Tighten to 25 Nm (18 lb-in).

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Install the battery tray. Refer to Section 414-01.
  1. Install the fuel rails. Refer to Section 303-04B.
  1. Fill and bleed the cooling system. Refer to Cooling System Draining, Filling and Bleeding in this section.
  1. If equipped.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. If equipped.
    • Tighten to 70 Nm (52 lb-ft).

    Ford Taurus. Engine

Coolant Pump - 2.0L GTDI

Material

Ford Taurus. Engine

Removal

  1. Drain the cooling system. Refer to Cooling System Draining, Filling and Bleeding.
  1. Loosen.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    • Make sure the accessory drive belt is positioned so coolant can not contaminate the belt.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. NOTICE: Cover the A/C belt to prevent coolant contamination of the belt.

    Completely cover the A/C belt with waterproof plastic.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    Ford Taurus. Engine

Installation

  1. NOTICE: Use Motorcraft Orange Antifreeze/Coolant. Do not mix coolant types. Mixing coolant types degrades the coolant corrosion protection and may damage the engine or cooling system.

    Apply the specified lubricant to the specified component.

    • Material: Motorcraft Orange Antifreeze/Coolant.
    • Tighten to 10 Nm (89 lb-in).

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    • Finger tighten.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    • Tighten to 20 Nm (177 lb-in).

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Fill and bleed the cooling system. Refer to Cooling System Draining, Filling and Bleeding.

Coolant Pump - 3.5L Ti-VCT, 3.7L Ti-VCT

Special Tool(s)

Ford Taurus. Engine

Material

Ford Taurus. Engine

Removal

NOTICE: During engine repair procedures, cleanliness is extremely important. Any foreign material, including any material created while cleaning gasket surfaces, that enters the oil passages, coolant passages or the oil pan can cause engine failure.

  1. Drain the cooling system. Refer to Cooling System Draining, Filling and Bleeding.
  1. Remove the engine front cover. Refer to Section 303-01A.
  1. Rotate the crankshaft clockwise and align the timing marks on the intake Variable Camshaft Timing (VCT) assemblies as shown.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. NOTE: The Camshaft Holding Tool will hold the camshafts in the Top Dead Center (TDC) position.
    • Special tool: Tool, Camshaft Holding

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. NOTE: The Camshaft Holding Tool will hold the camshafts in the TDC position.
    • Special tool: Tool, Camshaft Holding

    Ford Taurus. Engine

NOTE: The following 3 steps are for primary timing chains that the colored links are not visible.

  1. Mark the timing chain link that aligns with the timing mark on the LH intake VCT assembly as shown.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Mark the timing chain link that aligns with the timing mark on the RH intake VCT assembly as shown.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. NOTE: The crankshaft sprocket timing mark should be between the 2 colored links.

    Mark the 2 timing chain links that align with the timing mark on the crankshaft sprocket as shown.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. NOTE: Removal of the VCT oil control solenoid will aid in the removal of the primary timing chain.

    NOTE: A slight twisting motion will aid in the removal of the VCT oil control solenoid.

    NOTE: Keep the VCT oil control solenoid clean of dirt and debris.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. NOTE: Removal of the VCT oil control solenoid will aid in the removal of the primary timing chain.

    NOTE: A slight twisting motion will aid in the removal of the VCT oil control solenoid.

    NOTE: Keep the VCT oil control solenoid clean of dirt and debris.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. NOTICE: Do not use power tools to remove the bolt or damage to the LH primary timing chain guide may occur.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. NOTE: The 2 VCT oil control solenoids are removed for clarity.

    NOTE: The Hold Down, Secondary Chain is inserted through a hole in the top of the mega cap.

    Compress the RH secondary timing chain tensioner and install the Hold Down, Secondary Chain in the hole on the rear of the secondary timing chain tensioner guide and let it hold against the mega cap to retain the tensioner in the collapsed position.
    • Special tool: Hold Down, Secondary Chain

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. NOTICE: Do not use power tools to remove the bolt or damage to the RH primary timing chain guide may occur.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Place clean lint-free shop towels in the oil pan opening to prevent coolant from entering the oil pan during coolant pump removal.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

Installation

  1. Install 2 new gaskets.
    • Tighten the bolts finger tight.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Tighten the coolant pump bolts in the sequence shown in 2 stages.
    • Stage 1: Tighten to 10 Nm (89 lb-in).
    • Stage 2: Tighten an additional 45 degrees.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove all of the shop towels from the oil pan opening.
  1. NOTICE: Any coolant that has accumulated in the oil pan must be drained from the pan and any residual coolant cleaned from the front of the engine and the oil pan. Failure to remove all traces of the coolant can result in oil contamination and severe engine damage.

    Remove the oil pan drain plug and allow any accumulated coolant to drain.

    • Remove any residual coolant from the front of the engine and the oil pan using regulated compressed air and clean lint-free shop towels.
    • Install the oil pan drain plug and tighten to 27 Nm (20 lb-ft).

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    • Tighten to 10 Nm (89 lb-in).

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    • Align the colored links with the timing marks.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. NOTE: It may be necessary to rotate the camshafts slightly, to install the RH secondary timing assembly.

    Position the 2 RH VCT assemblies and secondary timing chain onto the camshafts by aligning the holes in the VCT assemblies with the dowel pins in the camshafts.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Install the 2 new RH VCT bolts and tighten in 4 stages.
    • Stage 1: Tighten to 40 Nm (30 lb-ft).
    • Stage 2: Loosen one full turn.
    • Stage 3: Tighten to 25 Nm (18 lb-ft).
    • Stage 4: Tighten an additional 180 degrees.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. NOTE: The 2 VCT oil control solenoids are removed for clarity.

    Compress the RH secondary timing chain tensioner and remove the Hold Down, Secondary Chain.

    • Make sure the secondary timing chain is centered on the timing chain tensioner guides.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    • Tighten to 10 Nm (89 lb-in).

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. NOTE: It may be necessary to rotate the camshafts slightly, to align the timing marks.

    Install the primary timing chain with the colored links aligned with the timing marks on the VCT assemblies and the crankshaft sprocket.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    • Tighten to 10 Nm (89 lb-in).

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Reset the primary timing chain tensioner.
    • Release the ratchet detent.
    • Using a soft-jawed vise, compress the ratchet plunger.
    • Align the hole in the ratchet plunger with the hole in the tensioner housing.
    • Install a lockpin.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. NOTE: It may be necessary to rotate the camshafts slightly to remove slack from the timing chain to install the tensioner.
    • Tighten to 10 Nm (89 lb-in).
    • Remove the lockpin.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. As a post-check, verify correct alignment of all timing marks.
    • There are 48 links between the RH intake VCT assembly colored link (1) and the LH intake VCT assembly colored link (2).
    • There are 35 links between the LH intake VCT assembly colored link (2) and the 2 crankshaft sprocket links (3).

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. NOTICE: Do not use excessive force when installing the Variable Camshaft Timing (VCT) oil control solenoid. Damage to the mega cap could cause the cylinder head to be inoperable. If difficult to install the VCT oil control solenoid, inspect the bore and VCT oil control solenoid to ensure there are no burrs, sharp edges or contaminants present on the mating surface. Only clean the external surfaces as necessary.

    NOTE: A slight twisting motion will aid in the installation of the VCT oil control solenoid.

    NOTE: Keep the VCT oil control solenoid clean of dirt and debris.

    • Tighten to 8 Nm (71 lb-in) then an additional 20 degrees.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. NOTICE: Do not use excessive force when installing the Variable Camshaft Timing (VCT) oil control solenoid. Damage to the mega cap could cause the cylinder head to be inoperable. If difficult to install the VCT oil control solenoid, inspect the bore and VCT oil control solenoid to ensure there are no burrs, sharp edges or contaminants present on the mating surface. Only clean the external surfaces as necessary.

    NOTE: A slight twisting motion will aid in the installation of the VCT oil control solenoid.

    NOTE: Keep the VCT oil control solenoid clean of dirt and debris.

    • Tighten to 8 Nm (71 lb-in) then an additional 20 degrees.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the RH Tool, Camshaft Holding.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Install the RH valve train oil tube and the 3 bolts and tighten in 2 stages.
    • Stage 1: Tighten to 8 Nm (71 lb-in).
    • Stage 2: Tighten an additional 45 degrees.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the LH Tool, Camshaft Holding.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Install the LH valve train oil tube and the 3 bolts and tighten in 2 stages.
    • Stage 1: Tighten to 8 Nm (71 lb-in).
    • Stage 2: Tighten an additional 45 degrees.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Install the engine front cover. Refer to Section 303-01A.
  1. Remove and discard the engine oil filter.
  1. NOTE: Lubricate the engine oil filter gasket with clean engine oil prior to installation.

    Install a new engine oil filter.

    • Tighten to 5 Nm (44 lb-in) and then rotate an additional 180 degrees.
    • Material: Motorcraft SAE 5W-20 Premium Synthetic Blend Motor Oil (US); Motorcraft SAE 5W-20 Super Premium Motor Oil (Canada)
  1. Fill and bleed the cooling system. Refer to Cooling System Draining, Filling and Bleeding.

Coolant Pump - 3.5L GTDI

Special Tool(s)

Ford Taurus. Engine

Material

Ford Taurus. Engine

Removal

NOTICE: During engine repair procedures, cleanliness is extremely important. Any foreign material, including any material created while cleaning gasket surfaces, that enters the oil passages, coolant passages or the oil pan may cause engine failure.

  1. With the vehicle in NEUTRAL, position it on a hoist. Refer to Section 100-02.
  1. Drain the cooling system. Refer to Cooling System Draining, Filling and Bleeding.
  1. Remove the engine front cover. Refer to Section 303-01B.
  1. Remove and discard the engine oil filter.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Rotate the crankshaft clockwise and align the timing marks on the Variable Camshaft Timing (VCT) assemblies as shown.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. NOTE: The Camshaft Holding Tool will hold the camshafts in the Top Dead Center (TDC) position.

    Install the Camshaft Holding Tool onto the flats of the LH camshafts.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. NOTE: The Camshaft Holding Tool will hold the camshafts in the TDC position.

    Install the Camshaft Holding Tool onto the flats of the RH camshafts.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the 3 bolts and the RH VCT housing.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the 3 bolts and the LH VCT housing.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

NOTE: The following 3 steps are for primary timing chains when the colored links are not visible.

  1. Mark the timing chain link that aligns with the timing mark on the RH intake VCT assembly as shown.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Mark the timing chain link that aligns with the timing mark on the LH intake VCT assembly as shown.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. NOTE: The crankshaft sprocket timing mark should be between the 2 colored links.

    Mark the 2 timing chain links that align with the timing mark on the crankshaft sprocket as shown.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the 2 bolts and the primary timing chain tensioner.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the primary timing chain tensioner arm.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the 2 bolts and the lower LH primary timing chain guide.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the primary timing chain.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the bolt and the upper LH primary timing chain guide.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Compress the RH secondary timing chain tensioner and install a suitable lockpin to retain the tensioner in the collapsed position.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. NOTE: The VCT bolt and the exhaust camshaft bolt must be discarded and new ones installed. However, the exhaust camshaft washer is reusable.

    Remove and discard the RH VCT assembly bolt and the RH exhaust camshaft sprocket bolt.

    • Remove the RH VCT assembly, secondary timing chain and the RH exhaust camshaft sprocket as an assembly.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the bolt and the RH primary timing chain guide.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Place clean lint-free shop towels in the oil pan opening to prevent coolant from entering the oil pan during coolant pump removal.
  1. Remove the 8 bolts and the coolant pump.
    • Remove and discard the gasket.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

Installation

  1. NOTE: Clean and inspect all sealing surfaces.

    Install a new gasket, the coolant pump and the 8 bolts. Tighten in the sequence shown in 2 stages:

    • Stage 1: Tighten to 10 Nm (89 lb-in).
    • Stage 2: Tighten an additional 45 degrees.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove all of the shop towels from the oil pan opening.
  1. NOTICE: Any coolant that has accumulated in the oil pan must be drained from the pan and any residual coolant cleaned from the front of the engine and oil pan. Failure to remove all traces of the coolant can result in oil contamination and severe engine damage.

    Remove the oil pan drain plug and allow any accumulated coolant to drain.

    • Remove any residual coolant from the front of the engine and the oil pan using regulated, compressed air and clean, lint-free shop towels.
    • Install the oil pan drain plug and tighten to 27 Nm (20 lb-ft).
  1. Install the RH primary timing chain guide and the bolt.
    • Tighten to 10 Nm (89 lb-in).

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Assemble the LH VCT assembly, the LH exhaust camshaft sprocket and the LH secondary timing chain.
    • Align the colored links with the timing marks.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Position the LH secondary timing assembly onto the camshafts.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Install the new VCT bolt and new exhaust camshaft bolt and the original washer. Tighten in 4 stages.
    • Stage 1: Tighten to 40 Nm (30 lb-ft).
    • Stage 2: Loosen one full turn.
    • Stage 3: Tighten to 10 Nm (89 lb-in).
    • Stage 4: Tighten 90 degrees.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the lockpin from the LH secondary timing chain tensioner.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Install the upper LH primary timing chain guide and the bolt.
    • Tighten to 10 Nm (89 lb-in).

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. NOTE: The crankshaft sprocket timing mark should be between the 2 colored links.

    Install the primary timing chain with the colored links aligned with the timing marks on the VCT assemblies and the crankshaft sprocket.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Install the lower LH primary timing chain guide and the 2 bolts.
    • Tighten to 10 Nm (89 lb-in).

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Install the primary timing chain tensioner arm.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Reset the primary timing chain tensioner.
    1. Release the ratchet detent.
    1. Using a soft-jawed vise, compress the ratchet plunger.
    1. Align the hole in the ratchet plunger with the hole in the tensioner housing and install a suitable lockpin.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. NOTE: It may be necessary to rotate the crankshaft slightly to remove slack from the timing chain and install the tensioner.

    Install the primary tensioner and the 2 bolts.

    • Tighten to 10 Nm (89 lb-in).
    • Remove the lockpin.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. As a post-check, verify correct alignment of all timing marks.
    • There are 48 links between the RH intake VCT assembly colored link (1) and the LH intake VCT assembly colored link (2).
    • There are 35 links between the LH intake VCT assembly colored link (2) and the 2 crankshaft sprockets colored links (3).

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Inspect the VCT housing seals for damage and replace if necessary.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. NOTE: RH shown, LH similar.

    NOTE: During removal, the O-ring seal may remain on the cylinder head. If so, remove the O-ring seal from the cylinder head, inspect the seal (replace as necessary) and install the O-ring seal on the VCT housing.

    Inspect the VCT housing-to-cylinder head O-ring seals for damage and replace as necessary.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. NOTE: Make sure the dowels on the VCT housing are fully engaged in the cylinder head prior to tightening the bolts.

    Install the LH VCT housing and the 3 bolts.

    • Tighten in the sequence shown to 10 Nm (89 lb-in).

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. NOTE: Make sure the dowels on the VCT housing are fully engaged in the cylinder head prior to tightening the bolts.

    Install the RH VCT housing and the 3 bolts.

    • Tighten in the sequence shown to 10 Nm (89 lb-in).

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. NOTE: Lubricate the engine oil filter gasket with clean engine oil prior to installing the oil filter.

    Install a new engine oil filter.

    • Tighten to 5 Nm (44 lb-in) and then rotate an additional 180 degrees.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Install the engine front cover. Refer to Section 303-01B.
  1. Fill and bleed the cooling system. Refer to Cooling System Draining, Filling and Bleeding.

Radiator - 2.0L GTDI

Removal

NOTICE: Whenever turbocharger air intake system components are removed, always cover open ports to protect from debris. It is important that no foreign material enter the system. The turbocharger compressor vanes are susceptible to damage from even small particles. All components should be inspected and cleaned, if necessary, prior to installation or reassembly.

NOTE: Removal steps in this procedure may contain installation details.

  1. Drain the cooling system. Refer to Cooling System Draining, Filling and Bleeding in this section.
  1. Remove the cooling fan motor and shroud. Refer to Cooling Fan Motor and Shroud - 2.0L GTDI in this section.
    1. Tighten to 5 Nm (44 lb-in).

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the grille shutter assembly. Refer to Section 501-02.
    • To install, tighten to 6 Nm (53 lb-in).

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    • To install, tighten to 5 Nm (44 lb-in).

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    • To install, tighten to 6 Nm (53 lb-in).

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    Ford Taurus. Engine

Installation

  1. To install, reverse the removal procedure.
  1. Fill and bleed the cooling system. Refer to Cooling System Draining, Filling and Bleeding in this section.

Radiator - 3.5L Ti-VCT, 3.7L Ti-VCT

Removal

NOTE: Removal steps in this procedure may contain installation details.

  1. Drain the cooling system. Refer to Cooling System Draining, Filling and Bleeding.
  1. Remove the cooling fan motor and shroud. Refer to Cooling Fan Motor and Shroud - 3.5L Ti-VCT, 3.7L Ti-VCT.
  1. Remove the front bumper cover. Refer to Section 501-19.
  1. If equipped, remove the grille shutter assembly. refer to Section 501-02.
    1. Upper radiator hose
    1. Lower radiator hose
    1. PTU cooler hose (if equipped).

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    • To install, tighten to 5 Nm (44 lb-in).

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    • To install, tighten to 6 Nm (53 lb-in).

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. NOTE: Make sure the bottom radiator insulators are in place when installing the radiator.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

Installation

  1. To install, reverse the removal procedure.
  1. Fill and bleed the cooling system. For additional information, refer to Cooling System Draining, Filling and Bleeding.

Radiator - 3.5L GTDI

Removal

NOTICE: Whenever turbocharger air intake system components are removed, always cover open ports to protect from debris. It is important that no foreign material enter the system. The turbocharger compressor vanes are susceptible to damage from even small particles. All components should be inspected and cleaned, if necessary, prior to installation or reassembly.

NOTE: Removal steps in this procedure may contain installation details.

  1. Drain the cooling system. Refer to Cooling System Draining, Filling and Bleeding.
  1. Remove the cooling fan motor and shroud. Refer to Cooling Fan Motor and Shroud - 3.5L GTDI.
  1. Remove the front bumper cover. Refer to Section 501-19.
  1. If equipped, remove the noise generator. Refer to Section 303-12.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    • To install, tighten to 5 Nm (44 lb-in).

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    1. Upper radiator hose
    1. Lower radiator hose
    1. PTU cooler hose (if equipped)

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    • To install, tighten to 6 Nm (53 lb-in).

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    • To install, tighten to 5 Nm (44 lb-in).

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    • To install, tighten to 6 Nm (53 lb-in).

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. NOTE: Make sure the bottom radiator insulators are in place when installing the radiator.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

Installation

  1. To install, reverse the removal procedure.
  1. Fill and bleed the cooling system. Refer to Cooling System Draining, Filling and Bleeding.

Cooling Fan Motor and Shroud - 2.0L GTDI

Removal

NOTE: Removal steps in this procedure may include installation details.

  1. Remove the air cleaner. For additional information, refer to Section 303-12.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    • To install, tighten the hose clamp to 5 Nm (44 lb-in).
    • To install, tighten the bolts to 8 Nm (71 lb-in).

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    • To install, tighten to 6 Nm (53 lb-in).

    Ford Taurus. Engine

Installation

  1. To install, reverse the removal procedure.
    • Install a new CAC adapter gasket and a new CAC adapter heat shield.

Cooling Fan Motor and Shroud - 3.5L Ti-VCT, 3.7L Ti-VCT

Removal

NOTE: Removal steps in this procedure may contain installation details.

  1. With the vehicle in NEUTRAL, position it on a hoist. Refer to Section 100-02.
  1. Remove the ACL. Refer to Section 303-12.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. If equipped.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    • To install, tighten to 6 Nm (53 lb-in).

    Ford Taurus. Engine

Installation

  1. To install, reverse the removal procedure.

Cooling Fan Motor and Shroud - 3.5L GTDI

Removal

NOTICE: Whenever turbocharger air intake system components are removed, always cover open ports to protect from debris. It is important that no foreign material enter the system. The turbocharger compressor vanes are susceptible to damage from even small particles. Inspect and if necessary clean all components prior to installation or reassembly.

  1. With the vehicle in NEUTRAL, position it on a hoist. Refer to Section 100-02.
  1. Remove the Air Cleaner (ACL) assembly and ACL outlet pipe. Refer to Section 303-12.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. If equipped.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. If equipped.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. If equipped.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    Ford Taurus. Engine

Installation

    • Tighten to 6 Nm (53 lb-in).

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. If equipped.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Install a new gasket.
    • Finger tighten.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    • Tighten to 8 Nm (71 lb-in).

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    • Tighten to 5 Nm (44 lb-in).

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. If equipped.
    • Tighten to 70 Nm (52 lb-ft).

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. If equipped.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    • Tighten to 8 Nm (71 lb-in).

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    • Tighten to 5 Nm (44 lb-in).

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Install the ACL outlet pipe and ACL assembly. For additional information, refer to Section 303-12.

Temperature Control Valve - Transmission Fluid Warmer

Removal

NOTE: Removal steps in this procedure may contain installation details.

  1. Drain the cooling system. Refer to Cooling System Draining, Filling and Bleeding in this section.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    • To install, tighten to 9 Nm (80 lb-in).

    Ford Taurus. Engine

Installation

  1. To install, reverse the removal procedure.
  1. Fill and bleed the cooling system. Refer to Cooling System Draining, Filling and Bleeding in this section.

Degas Bottle

Material

Ford Taurus. Engine

Removal

NOTE: Removal steps in this procedure may contain installation details.

  1.  WARNING: Always allow the engine to cool before opening the cooling system. Do not unscrew the coolant pressure relief cap when the engine is operating or the cooling system is hot. The cooling system is under pressure; steam and hot liquid can come out forcefully when the cap is loosened slightly. Failure to follow these instructions may result in serious personal injury.

    Release the pressure in the cooling system by slowly turning the pressure relief cap one-half turn counterclockwise. When the pressure is released, remove the pressure relief cap.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    Ford Taurus. Engine

    • To install, tighten to 9 Nm (80 lb-in).

    Ford Taurus. Engine

Installation

  1. To install, reverse the removal procedure.
  1. Fill the degas bottle to the top of the COLD FILL LEVEL with Motorcraft Orange Antifreeze/Coolant Prediluted.
    General Procedures
    Cooling System Draining, Filling and Bleeding Special Tool(s) Material Draining With the vehicle in NEUTRAL, position it on a hoist. Refer to Section 100-02.  WARNING: Always allo ...

    Fuel Charging and Controls - 3.5L Ti-VCT
    SPECIFICATIONS Material Torque Specifications DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION Fuel Charging and Controls Component Locations WARNING: Do not smoke, carry lighted tobacco or have an open flame of any type ...

    Other materials:

    Tire care
    Information About Uniform Tire Quality Grading Tire Quality Grades apply to new pneumatic passenger car tires. The Tire Quality Grades can be found where applicable on the tire sidewall between tread shoulder and maximum section width. For example: • Treadwear 200 Traction AA Temperature ...

    General Procedures
    Cooling System Draining, Filling and Bleeding Special Tool(s) Material Draining With the vehicle in NEUTRAL, position it on a hoist. Refer to Section 100-02.  WARNING: Always allow the engine to cool before opening the cooling system. Do not unscrew the coolant pressure relief ...

    Information
    If your vehicle is equipped with Navigation, touch the i (Information) button to access these features. If your vehicle is not equipped with Navigation, touch the corner of the touchscreen with the green tab. Under the Information menu, you can access features, such as: A. SYNC Services B ...