Ford Taurus Service Manual: Removal

Engine

Special Tool(s)

Ford Taurus. Engine

 WARNING: Do not smoke, carry lighted tobacco or have an open flame of any type when working on or near any fuel-related component. Highly flammable mixtures are always present and may be ignited. Failure to follow these instructions may result in serious personal injury.

All vehicles

  1. With the vehicle in NEUTRAL, position it on a hoist. For additional information, refer to Section 100-02.
  1. Release the fuel system pressure. For additional information, refer to Section 310-00.
  1. Recover the A/C system. For additional information, refer to Section 412-00.
  1. Remove the cowl panel grille. For additional information, refer to Section 501-02.
  1. Remove the 4 nuts and the strut tower brace.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the engine Air Cleaner (ACL) and ACL outlet pipe. For additional information, refer to Section 303-12.
  1. Remove the battery tray. For additional information, refer to Section 414-01.
  1. Remove the nut and disconnect the 2 battery feed cables from the positive battery terminal.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the retainer and the ground wire cable.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Disconnect the engine wiring harness electrical connector.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. If equipped, release the 4 retainers and remove the underbody shield.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. If equipped, remove the 10 retainers and the skid plate.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Drain the cooling system. For additional information, refer to Section 303-03.
  1. Remove the front wheels and tires. For additional information, refer to Section 204-04.
  1. Remove the 3 pin-type retainers and position aside.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the accessory drive belt. For additional information, refer to Section 303-05.
  1. Remove the nut and disconnect the A/C tube.
    • Discard the O-ring seal and gasket seal.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Disconnect the A/C pressure switch electrical connector.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the nut and the A/C tube from the condenser.
    • Discard the O-ring seal and gasket seal.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the degas bottle. For additional information, refer to Section 303-03.
  1. Disconnect the degas bottle coolant hose from the engine coolant tube.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Disconnect the brake booster vacuum hose from the upper intake manifold.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Disconnect the Evaporative Emission (EVAP) tube and the fuel supply tube quick connect coupling. For additional information, refer to Section 310-00.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Disconnect the 2 PCM electrical connectors.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Disconnect the engine harness electrical connector.
    • Detach the wiring harness retainer.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the engine wiring harness retainer from the bulkhead.
    1. Push the wiring harness retainer tab in.
    1. Slide the wiring harness up and out of the bulkhead.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the bolt and ground wire from the RH shock tower.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Disconnect the upper radiator hose, lower radiator hose and 2 heater hoses from the thermostat housing.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Disconnect the transaxle control cable from the control lever.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Disconnect the transaxle control cable from the shift cable bracket and position aside.
    • Detach the wiring harness pin-type retainer from the shift cable bracket.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. If equipped, detach the engine block heater harness from the radiator support.
  1. NOTE: Use a steering wheel holding device (such as Hunter 28-75-1 or equivalent).

    Using a suitable holding device, hold the steering wheel in the straight-ahead position.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. NOTICE: Do not allow the intermediate shaft to rotate while it is disconnected from the gear or damage to the clockspring may occur. If there is evidence that the intermediate shaft has rotated, the clockspring must be removed and recentered. For additional information, refer to Section 501-20B.

    NOTE: Index-mark the steering column shaft position to the steering gear for reference during installation.

    Remove the bolt and disconnect the steering column shaft from the steering gear.
    • Discard the bolt.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the exhaust Y-pipe. For additional information, refer to Section 309-00.

All-Wheel Drive (AWD) vehicles

  1. NOTE: Index-mark the driveshaft for installation.

    Remove and discard the 4 bolts and support the driveshaft with a length of mechanic's wire.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

All vehicles

  1. Remove the drain plug and drain the engine oil.
    • Install the drain plug and tighten to 27 Nm (20 lb-ft).

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove and discard the engine oil filter.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the 2 fasteners and the inspection cover.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove and discard the 3 torque converter bolts.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the 4 oil pan-to-transaxle bolts.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. If equipped, disconnect the 2 oil cooler coolant hoses.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. If equipped, unlatch the cooler hose retainer latch and pry up on the oil cooler hose retainer to release the retainer and remove it from the subframe.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the 2 secondary latches from the transmission fluid cooler tubes at the transmission fluid cooler thermal bypass valve.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Using the Transmission Cooler Line Disconnect Tool, disconnect the transmission fluid cooler tubes from the transmission fluid cooler thermal bypass valve.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. NOTE: LH shown, RH similar.

    Remove the bolt and the wheel speed sensor.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. NOTE: LH shown, RH similar.

    Remove and discard the upper stabilizer link nut.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. NOTICE: Do not allow the brake caliper to hang from the brake flexible hose or damage to the hose may occur.

    NOTE: LH shown, RH similar.

    Remove the brake caliper guide pin bolts and calipers.
    • Support the calipers.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. NOTE: RH shown, LH similar.

    Using a wax pencil, mark the relationship of the front and rear subframe to the underbody at the mounting locations on both side.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. NOTE: LH shown, RH similar.

    Remove the LH and RH halfshaft nuts.

    • Do not discard at this time.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. NOTE: LH shown, RH similar.

    Separate the LH and RH halfshaft from the wheel hubs.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Position a 2 x 6 board, 36 in (914.4 mm) in length and two 2 x 6 boards 24 in (609.6 mm) in length onto the powertrain lift.
    • Position the powertrain lift table with:
      • the long board towards the rear of the subframe.
      • the short boards under the engine and transmission.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Install the Adjustable Grip Arm from the powertrain lift table to the LH engine-to-transmission bolt hole.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Install a ratchet strap from the front of the subframe under the powertrain lift table to the rear of the subframe, to secure the subframe to the powertrain lift table.
  1. NOTE: LH shown, RH similar.

    NOTE: The halfshafts are not being remove from the transmission.

    Remove the strut-to-wheel knuckle nuts and bolts.
    • Remove the strut from the wheel knuckle and the halfshafts from the wheel knuckle.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the transaxle support insulator through bolt and nut.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the bolt, 3 nuts and the transaxle support insulator bracket.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the 4 engine mount nuts.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the 3 bolts and the engine mount.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. NOTE: RH shown, LH similar.

    Remove the subframe bracket-to-body bolts.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. NOTE: RH shown, LH similar.

    Remove the rear subframe bolts and the subframe brackets.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. NOTE: RH shown, LH similar.

    Remove the front subframe bolts.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Lower the subframe and powertrain assembly from the vehicle.
  1. Install 303-1245 on the LH cylinder head.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Install the Heavy Duty Floor Crane and Spreader Bar.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the starter motor solenoid cover.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the 2 nuts and the starter motor wiring terminals.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Disconnect the wiring harness retainer from the starter motor stud bolt.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the bolt, stud bolt and the starter.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the bolt and the ground wire from the RH cylinder head.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Disconnect the 2 A/C compressor electrical connectors.
    • Detach the A/C wiring harness retainer.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Disconnect the generator electrical connector and position the generator B+ cable cover aside.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the nut and disconnect the generator B+ cable.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Detach the 3 wiring harness retainer from the valve cover stud bolt and position the harness on transmission.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Disconnect the transaxle control electrical connector.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Detach the transaxle control wire harness retainer from the transaxle stud bolt.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Disconnect the RH catalyst monitor electrical connector.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Disconnect the RH Heated Oxygen Sensor (HO2S) electrical connector.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the 4 nuts and the RH catalytic converter heat shield.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the 6 nuts and the RH catalytic converter manifold.
    • Discard the nuts and RH catalytic converter manifold gasket.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove and discard the 6 RH catalytic converter manifold studs.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

AWD vehicles

  1. Remove the 5 bolts and the Power Transfer Unit (PTU) support bracket.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

All vehicles

  1. Remove the Adjustable Grip Arm.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the ratchet strap from the front of the subframe under the powertrain lift table to the rear of the subframe.
  1. NOTE: LH shown, RH similar.

    Install the ratchet strap from the front subframe to the LH engine lift eye and from the rear of the subframe to the RH engine lift eye.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Using the Floor Crane and Spreader Bar, remove the powertrain and subframe as an assembly from the powertrain lift table and set on the ground.
    • Position wood blocks under the engine and transmission.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. NOTE: LH shown, RH similar.

    Remove the ratchet strap from the front subframe to the LH engine lift eye and from the rear of the subframe to the RH engine lift eye.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the 2 intermediate shaft bracket nuts and the 2 studs.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the 2 bolts and the RH halfshaft support bracket.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the 2 engine-to-transaxle bolts.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the 5 transaxle-to-engine bolts.
    • Separate the transaxle from the engine.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Using the Floor Crane and Spreader Bar, remove the engine from the transaxle.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

Camshaft

Special Tool(s)

Ford Taurus. Engine

Ford Taurus. Engine

Ford Taurus. Engine

Material

Ford Taurus. Engine

 WARNING: Do not smoke, carry lighted tobacco or have an open flame of any type when working on or near any fuel-related component. Highly flammable mixtures are always present and may be ignited. Failure to follow these instructions may result in serious personal injury.

NOTICE: During engine repair procedures, cleanliness is extremely important. Any foreign material, including any material created while cleaning gasket surfaces that enters the oil passages, coolant passages or the oil pan, may cause engine failure.

All vehicles

  1. With the vehicle in NEUTRAL, position it on a hoist. For additional information, refer to Section 100-02.
  1. Release the fuel system pressure. For additional information, refer to Section 310-00.
  1. Recover the A/C system. For additional information, refer to Section 412-00.
  1. Remove the cowl panel grille. For additional information, refer to Section 501-02.
  1. Remove the 4 nuts and the strut tower brace.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the engine Air Cleaner (ACL) and ACL outlet pipe. For additional information, refer to Section 303-12.
  1. Remove the battery tray. For additional information, refer to Section 414-01.
  1. Remove the nut and disconnect the 2 battery feed cables from the positive battery terminal.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the retainer and the ground wire cable.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Disconnect the engine wiring harness electrical connector.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. If equipped, release the 4 retainers and remove the underbody shield.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. If equipped, remove the 10 retainers and the skid plate.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Drain the cooling system. For additional information, refer to Section 303-03.
  1. Remove the front wheels and tires. For additional information, refer to Section 204-04.
  1. Remove the 3 pin-type retainers and position aside.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the accessory drive belt. For additional information, refer to Section 303-05.
  1. Remove the nut and disconnect the A/C tube.
    • Discard the O-ring seal and gasket seal.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Disconnect the A/C pressure switch electrical connector.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the nut and the A/C tube from the condenser.
    • Discard the O-ring seal and gasket seal.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the degas bottle. For additional information, refer to Section 303-03.
  1. Disconnect the degas bottle coolant hose from the engine coolant tube.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Disconnect the brake booster vacuum hose from the upper intake manifold.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Disconnect the Evaporative Emission (EVAP) tube and the fuel supply tube quick connect coupling. For additional information, refer to Section 310-00.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Disconnect the 2 PCM electrical connectors.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Disconnect the engine harness electrical connector.
    • Detach the wiring harness retainer.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the engine wiring harness retainer from the bulkhead.
    1. Push the wiring harness retainer tab in.
    1. Slide the wiring harness up and out of the bulkhead.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the bolt and ground wire from the RH shock tower.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Disconnect the upper radiator hose, lower radiator hose and 2 heater hoses from the thermostat housing.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Disconnect the transaxle control cable from the control lever.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Disconnect the transaxle control cable from the shift cable bracket and position aside.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. If equipped, detach the engine block heater harness from the radiator support.
  1. NOTE: Use a steering wheel holding device (such as Hunter 28-75-1 or equivalent).

    Using a suitable holding device, hold the steering wheel in the straight-ahead position.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. NOTICE: Do not allow the intermediate shaft to rotate while it is disconnected from the gear or damage to the clockspring may occur. If there is evidence that the intermediate shaft has rotated, the clockspring must be removed and recentered. For additional information, refer to Section 501-20B.

    NOTE: Index-mark the steering column shaft position to the steering gear for reference during installation.

    Remove the bolt and disconnect the steering column shaft from the steering gear.
    • Discard the bolt.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the exhaust Y-pipe. For additional information, refer to Section 309-00.

All-Wheel Drive (AWD) vehicles

  1. NOTE: Index-mark the driveshaft for installation.

    Remove and discard the 4 bolts and support the driveshaft with a length of mechanic's wire.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

All vehicles

  1. Remove the drain plug and drain the engine oil.
    • Install the drain plug and tighten to 27 Nm (20 lb-ft).

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove and discard the engine oil filter.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. If equipped, disconnect the 2 oil cooler coolant hoses.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. If equipped, unlatch the cooler hose retainer latch and pry up on the oil cooler hose retainer to release the retainer and remove it from the subframe.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the 2 secondary latches from the transmission fluid cooler tubes at the transmission fluid cooler thermal bypass valve.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Using the Transmission Cooler Line Disconnect Tool, disconnect the transmission fluid cooler tubes from the transmission fluid cooler thermal bypass valve.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. NOTE: LH shown, RH similar.

    Remove the bolt and the wheel speed sensor.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. NOTE: LH shown, RH similar.

    Remove and discard the upper stabilizer link nut.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. NOTICE: Do not allow the brake caliper to hang from the brake flexible hose or damage to the hose may occur.

    NOTE: LH shown, RH similar.

    Remove the brake caliper guide pin bolts and calipers.
    • Support the calipers.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. NOTE: RH shown, LH similar.

    Using a wax pencil, mark the relationship of the front and rear subframe to the underbody at the mounting locations on both side.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. NOTE: LH shown, RH similar.

    Remove the LH and RH halfshaft nuts.

    • Do not discard at this time.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. NOTE: LH shown, RH similar.

    Separate the LH and RH halfshaft from the wheel hubs.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Position a 2 x 6 board, 36 in (914.4 mm) in length and two 2 x 6 boards 24 in (609.6 mm) in length onto the powertrain lift.
    • Position the powertrain lift table with:
      • the long board towards the rear of the subframe.
      • the short boards under the engine and transmission.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Install the Adjustable Grip Arm from the powertrain lift table to the LH engine-to-transmission bolt hole.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Install a ratchet strap from the front of the subframe under the powertrain lift table to the rear of the subframe, to secure the subframe to the powertrain lift table.
  1. NOTE: LH shown, RH similar.

    NOTE: The halfshafts are not being remove from the transmission.

    Remove the strut-to-wheel knuckle nuts and bolts.
    • Remove the strut from the wheel knuckle and the halfshafts from the wheel knuckle.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the transaxle support insulator through bolt and nut.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the bolt, 3 nuts and the transaxle support insulator bracket.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the 4 engine mount nuts.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the 3 bolts and the engine mount.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. NOTE: RH shown, LH similar.

    Remove the subframe bracket-to-body bolts.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. NOTE: RH shown, LH similar.

    Remove the rear subframe bolts and the subframe brackets.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. NOTE: RH shown, LH similar.

    Remove the front subframe bolts.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Lower the subframe and powertrain assembly from the vehicle.
  1. Remove the 3 bolts and the accessory drive belt tensioner.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the crankshaft pulley bolt and washer.
    • Discard the bolt.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Using the 3 Jaw Puller, remove the crankshaft pulley.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Using the Oil Seal Remover, remove and discard the crankshaft front seal.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the crankcase vent tube. For additional information, refer to the quick connect coupling in Section 310-00.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the oil level indicator.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Disconnect the 3 LH coil-on-plug electrical connectors and remove the 3 bolts and the 3 LH-coil-on-plugs.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the ground wire bolt from the engine front cover.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the engine wiring harness from the LH valve cover.
    • Disconnect the 2 Variable Camshaft Timing (VCT) oil control solenoid electrical connectors.
    • Detach and disconnect the LH Heated Oxygen Sensor (HO2S) electrical connector.
    • Disconnect the 3 fuel injector electrical connectors.
    • Detach the 11 wiring harness retainers from the LH valve cover and stud bolts and position the harness aside.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. NOTICE: While removing the valve cover do not apply excessive force to the Variable Camshaft Timing (VCT) oil control solenoid or damage may occur.

    NOTICE: If the Variable Camshaft Timing (VCT) oil control solenoid sticks to the VCT seal, carefully wiggle the valve cover until the bond breaks free or damage to the VCT seal and VCT oil control solenoid may occur.

    Loosen the 4 bolts and 7 stud bolts.
    • Remove the LH valve cover.
    • Discard the gasket.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Inspect the VCT solenoid seals. Remove any damaged seals.
    • Using the Differential Bearing Cone Installer and Handle, remove and discard the seal(s).

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Inspect the spark plug tube seals. Remove any damaged seals.
    • Using the Spark Plug Tube Seal Remover and Handle, remove and discard the seal(s).

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Disconnect the Evaporative Emission (EVAP) canister vent solenoid and throttle body electrical connectors.
    • Detach the wiring harness pin-type retainer from the upper intake manifold.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Disconnect the EVAP vapor tube from the EVAP canister vent solenoid. For additional information, refer to Section 310-00.
    • Detach the EVAP vapor tube from the 2 retainers.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Disconnect the crankcase ventilation hose from the upper intake manifold.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Detach the 2 coolant tube retainers from the upper intake manifold.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the upper intake manifold support bracket bolt.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the 7 bolts and the upper intake manifold.
    • Remove and discard the gasket.
    • Clean and inspect all of the sealing surfaces of the upper and lower intake manifold.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Disconnect the 3 RH coil-on-plug electrical connectors and remove the 3 bolts and the 3 RH -coil-on-plugs.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the PCV crankcase vent tube.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the engine wiring harness from the RH valve cover.
    • Disconnect the 2 Variable Camshaft Timing (VCT) oil control solenoid electrical connectors.
    • Detach and disconnect the RH Catalyst Monitor Sensor (CMS) electrical connector.
    • Disconnect the 3 fuel injector electrical connectors.
    • Disconnect the Cylinder Head Temperature (CHT) sensor wiring harness jumper electrical connector.
    • Detach the 9 wiring harness retainers from the RH valve cover and stud bolts and position the harness aside.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. NOTICE: While removing the valve cover do not apply excessive force to the Variable Camshaft Timing (VCT) oil control solenoid or damage may occur.

    NOTICE: If the Variable Camshaft Timing (VCT) oil control solenoid sticks to the VCT seal, carefully wiggle the valve cover until the bond breaks free or damage to the VCT seal and VCT oil control solenoid may occur.

    Loosen the 2 bolts and 9 stud bolts.
    • Remove the RH valve cover.
    • Discard the gasket.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Inspect the 2 VCT solenoid seals. Remove any damaged seals.
    • Using the Differential Bearing Cone Installer and Handle, remove the seal(s).

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Inspect the spark plug tube seals. Remove any damaged seals.
    • Using the VCT Spark Plug Tube Seal Remover and Handle, remove the seal(s).

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Clean the valve covers, cylinder heads and engine front cover sealing surfaces with metal surface prep.
  1. Remove the generator nut and stud.
    • Loosen the bolt and position the generator aside.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the fuel supply tube-to-engine front cover bolt.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the 26 front cover bolts.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Using a suitable pry tool, locate the 5 pry pads shown and pry the engine front cover loose and remove.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Rotate the crankshaft clockwise and align the timing marks on the intake Variable Camshaft Timing (VCT) assemblies as shown.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the 3 bolts and the LH valve train oil tube.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. NOTE: The Camshaft Holding Tool will hold the camshafts in the Top Dead Center (TDC) position.

    Install the Camshaft Holding Tool onto the flats of the LH camshafts.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the 3 bolts and the RH valve train oil tube.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. NOTE: The Camshaft Holding Tool will hold the camshafts in the TDC position.

    Install the Camshaft Holding Tool onto the flats of the RH camshafts.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

NOTE: The following 3 steps are for primary timing chains that the colored links are not visible.

  1. Mark the timing chain link that aligns with the timing mark on the LH intake VCT assembly as shown.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Mark the timing chain link that aligns with the timing mark on the RH intake VCT assembly as shown.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. NOTE: The crankshaft sprocket timing mark should be between the 2 colored links.

    Mark the 2 timing chain links that align with the timing mark on the crankshaft sprocket as shown.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the 2 bolts and the primary timing chain tensioner.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the primary timing chain tensioner arm.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the 2 bolts and the lower LH primary timing chain guide.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. NOTE: Removal of the VCT oil control solenoid will aid in the removal of the primary timing chain.

    NOTE: A slight twisting motion will aid in the removal of the VCT oil control solenoid.

    NOTE: Keep the VCT oil control solenoid clean of dirt and debris.

    Remove the bolt and the LH intake VCT oil control solenoid.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. NOTE: Removal of the VCT oil control solenoid will aid in the removal of the primary timing chain.

    NOTE: A slight twisting motion will aid in the removal of the VCT oil control solenoid.

    NOTE: Keep the VCT oil control solenoid clean of dirt and debris.

    Remove the bolt and the RH intake VCT oil control solenoid.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the primary timing chain.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

LH camshafts

  1. NOTE: The 2 VCT oil control solenoids are removed for clarity.

    NOTE: The Secondary Chain Hold Down is inserted through a hole in the top of the mega cap.

    Compress the LH secondary timing chain tensioner and install the Secondary Chain Hold Down in the hole on the rear of the secondary timing chain tensioner guide and let it hold against the mega cap to retain the tensioner in the collapsed position.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove and discard the 2 LH VCT assembly bolts.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the 2 LH VCT assemblies and secondary timing chain.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. NOTE: When the Camshaft Holding Tool is removed, valve spring pressure may rotate the LH camshafts approximately 3 degrees to a neutral position.

    Remove the Camshaft Holding Tool from the LH camshafts.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. NOTE: Cylinder head camshaft bearing caps are numbered to verify that they are assembled in their original positions.

    NOTE: Mark the exhaust and intake camshafts for installation into their original locations.

    Remove the 12 bolts, 6 camshaft caps, mega cap and the LH camshafts.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

RH camshafts

  1. NOTE: The 2 VCT oil control solenoids are removed for clarity.

    NOTE: The Secondary Chain Hold Down is inserted through a hole in the top of the mega cap.

    Compress the RH secondary timing chain tensioner and install the Secondary Chain Hold Down in the hole on the rear of the secondary timing chain tensioner guide and let it hold against the mega cap to retain the tensioner in the collapsed position.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove and discard the 2 RH VCT assembly bolts.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the 2 RH VCT assemblies and secondary timing chain.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. NOTE: When the Camshaft Holding Tool is removed, valve spring pressure may rotate the RH camshafts approximately 3 degrees to a neutral position.

    Remove the Camshaft Holding Tool from the RH camshafts.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. NOTE: Cylinder head camshaft bearing caps are numbered to verify that they are assembled in their original positions.

    NOTE: Mark the exhaust and intake camshafts for installation into their original locations.

    Remove the 12 bolts, 6 camshaft caps, mega cap and the RH camshafts.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

Valve Tappets

NOTICE: During engine repair procedures, cleanliness is extremely important. Any foreign material, including any material created while cleaning gasket surfaces that enters the oil passages, coolant passages or the oil pan, may cause engine failure.

  1. Depending on the valve tappets being serviced, remove the LH and/or the RH camshafts. For additional information, refer to Camshaft in this section.
  1. NOTE: If the components are to be reinstalled, they must be installed in the same positions. Mark the components for installation into their original locations.

    Remove the valve tappets from the cylinder head.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

Valve Spring, Retainer and Seal

Special Tool(s)

Ford Taurus. Engine

NOTICE: During engine repair procedures, cleanliness is extremely important. Any foreign material, including any material created while cleaning gasket surfaces that enters the oil passages, coolant passages or the oil pan, may cause engine failure.

  1. Remove the valve tappets from the cylinder being serviced. For additional information, refer to Valve Tappets in this section.
  1. NOTICE: If air pressure has forced the piston to the bottom of the cylinder, any loss of air pressure will allow the valve to fall into the cylinder. If air pressure must be removed, support the valve prior to removal or engine damage may occur.

    NOTE: If the components are to be reinstalled, they must be installed in the same positions. Mark the components for installation into their original locations.

    NOTE: If a valve drops into the cylinder, remove the cylinder head. For additional information, refer to Cylinder Head - RH or Cylinder Head - LH in this section.

    Rotate the crankshaft clockwise until the piston for the valve being serviced is at the top of its stroke. Pressurize the cylinder using compressed air.
  1. Using the Valve Spring Compressors, remove the keys, retainer and spring.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove and discard the valve stem seal.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

Cylinder Head - RH

Material

Ford Taurus. Engine

NOTICE: During engine repair procedures, cleanliness is extremely important. Any foreign material, including any material created while cleaning gasket surfaces that enters the oil passages, coolant passages or the oil pan, can cause engine failure.

NOTE: If the cylinder head is replaced, a new secondary timing chain tensioner will need to be installed.

  1. Remove the RH camshafts. For additional information, refer to Camshaft in this section.
  1. If equipped, remove the block heater heat shield.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. If equipped, disconnect the block heater electrical connector.
    • Remove the block heater wiring harness from the engine.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Disconnect the 2 RH Camshaft Position Camshaft Position (CMP) sensor electrical connectors.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the 2 bolts and the 2 CMP sensors.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the bolt and the ground cable from the RH cylinder.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the LH cylinder block drain plug.
    • Allow coolant to drain from the cylinder block.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the 4 bolts and the RH catalytic converter heat shield.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the 6 nuts and the RH catalytic converter manifold.
    • Discard the nuts and catalytic converter gasket.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Clean and inspect the RH catalytic converter manifold. For additional information, refer to Section 303-00.
  1. Remove and discard the 6 RH exhaust manifold studs.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the RH cylinder block drain plug or, if equipped, the block heater.
    • Allow coolant to drain from the cylinder block.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. NOTICE: Do not use power tools to remove the bolt or damage to the RH primary timing chain guide may occur.

    Remove the bolt and the RH primary timing chain guide.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the 2 bolts and the engine lifting eye.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. NOTE: Index-mark the location of the bracket on the cylinder head for installation.

    Remove the bolt and the upper intake manifold bracket.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the 2 thermostat housing-to-lower intake manifold bolts.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. NOTICE: If the engine is repaired or replaced because of upper engine failure, typically including valve or piston damage, check the intake manifold for metal debris. If metal debris is found, install a new intake manifold. Failure to follow these instructions can result in engine damage.

    Remove the 10 bolts and the lower intake manifold.

    • Remove and discard the intake manifold and thermostat housing gaskets.
    • Clean and inspect all sealing surfaces.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Disconnect and remove the CHT sensor jumper harness.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. NOTE: If the components are to be reinstalled, they must be installed in the same positions. Mark the components for installation into their original locations.

    Remove the valve tappets from the cylinder head.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Inspect the valve tappets. For additional information, refer to Section 303-00.
  1. Remove and discard the M6 bolt.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. NOTICE: Place clean shop towels over exposed engine cavities. Carefully remove the towels so foreign material is not dropped into the engine. Any foreign material (including any material created while cleaning gasket surfaces) that enters the oil passages or the oil pan, may cause engine failure.

    NOTICE: Aluminum surfaces are soft and can be scratched easily. Never place the cylinder head gasket surface, unprotected, on a bench surface.

    NOTE: The cylinder head bolts must be discarded and new bolts must be installed. They are tighten-to-yield designed and cannot be reused.

    Remove and discard the 8 bolts from the cylinder head.
    • Remove the cylinder head.
    • Discard the cylinder head gasket.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. NOTICE: Do not use metal scrapers, wire brushes, power abrasive discs or other abrasive means to clean the sealing surfaces. These tools cause scratches and gouges that make leak paths. Use a plastic scraping tool to remove all traces of the head gasket.

    NOTE: Observe all warnings or cautions and follow all application directions contained on the packaging of the silicone gasket remover and the metal surface prep.

    NOTE: If there is no residual gasket material present, metal surface prep can be used to clean and prepare the surfaces.

    Clean the cylinder head-to-cylinder block mating surfaces of both the cylinder heads and the cylinder block in the following sequence.
    1. Remove any large deposits of silicone or gasket material with a plastic scraper.
    1. Apply silicone gasket remover, following package directions, and allow to set for several minutes.
    1. Remove the silicone gasket remover with a plastic scraper. A second application of silicone gasket remover may be required if residual traces of silicone or gasket material remain.
    1. Apply metal surface prep, following package directions, to remove any remaining traces of oil or coolant and to prepare the surfaces to bond with the new gasket. Do not attempt to make the metal shiny. Some staining of the metal surfaces is normal.
  1. Support the cylinder head on a bench with the head gasket side up. Check the cylinder head distortion and the cylinder block distortion. For additional information, refer to Section 303-00.

Cylinder Head - LH

Material

Ford Taurus. Engine

NOTICE: During engine repair procedures, cleanliness is extremely important. Any foreign material, including any material created while cleaning gasket surfaces that enters the oil passages, coolant passages or the oil pan, can cause engine failure.

  1. Remove the LH camshafts. For additional information, refer to Camshaft in this section.
  1. If equipped, remove the block heater heat shield.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. If equipped, disconnect the block heater electrical connector.
    • Remove the block heater wiring harness from the engine.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Disconnect the 2 LH Camshaft Position (CMP) sensor electrical connectors.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the 2 bolts and the 2 LH CMP sensors.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the wiring harness retainer from the rear of the LH cylinder head.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Disconnect the 2 A/C compressor electrical connectors.
    • Detach the A/C wiring harness retainer.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the nut, 2 stud bolts and the A/C compressor.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Disconnect the generator electrical connector and position the generator B+ cable cover aside.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the nut and disconnect the generator B+ cable.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the nut, bolt and the generator.
    • Remove the generator stud.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Disconnect the Engine Oil Pressure (EOP) switch electrical connector and the wiring harness pin-type retainer.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the 3 bolts and the LH exhaust heat shield.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the 6 nuts and the LH catalytic converter.
    • Discard the nuts and the gasket.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Clean and inspect the catalytic converter flange. For additional information, refer to exhaust manifold cleaning and inspection in Section 303-00.
  1. Remove and discard the 6 LH exhaust manifold studs.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the LH cylinder block drain plug.
    • Allow coolant to drain from the cylinder block.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the RH cylinder block drain plug or if equipped, the block heater.
    • Allow coolant to drain from the cylinder block.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Remove the 2 thermostat housing-to-lower intake manifold bolts.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. NOTICE: If the engine is repaired or replaced because of upper engine failure, typically including valve or piston damage, check the intake manifold for metal debris. If metal debris is found, install a new intake manifold. Failure to follow these instructions can result in engine damage.

    Remove the 10 bolts and the lower intake manifold.

    • Remove and discard the intake manifold and thermostat housing gaskets.
    • Clean and inspect all sealing surfaces.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. NOTICE: Do not use power tools to remove the bolt or damage to the upper LH primary timing chain guide may occur.

    Remove the bolt and the upper LH primary timing chain guide.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. NOTE: If the components are to be reinstalled, they must be installed in the same positions. Mark the components for installation into their original locations.

    Remove the valve tappets from the cylinder head.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. Inspect the valve tappets. For additional information, refer to Section 303-00.
  1. Remove and discard the M6 bolt.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. NOTICE: Place clean shop towels over exposed engine cavities. Carefully remove the towels so foreign material is not dropped into the engine. Any foreign material (including any material created while cleaning gasket surfaces) that enters the oil passages or the oil pan, may cause engine failure.

    NOTICE: Aluminum surfaces are soft and can be scratched easily. Never place the cylinder head gasket surface, unprotected, on a bench surface.

    NOTE: The cylinder head bolts must be discarded and new bolts must be installed. They are tighten-to-yield designed and cannot be reused.

    Remove and discard the 8 bolts from the cylinder head.
    • Remove the cylinder head.
    • Discard the cylinder head gasket.

    Ford Taurus. Engine

  1. NOTICE: Do not use metal scrapers, wire brushes, power abrasive discs or other abrasive means to clean the sealing surfaces. These tools cause scratches and gouges that make leak paths. Use a plastic scraping tool to remove all traces of the head gasket.

    NOTE: Observe all warnings or cautions and follow all application directions contained on the packaging of the silicone gasket remover and the metal surface prep.

    NOTE: If there is no residual gasket material present, metal surface prep can be used to clean and prepare the surfaces.

    Clean the cylinder head-to-cylinder block mating surfaces of both the cylinder heads and the cylinder block in the following sequence.
    1. Remove any large deposits of silicone or gasket material with a plastic scraper.
    1. Apply silicone gasket remover, following package directions, and allow to set for several minutes.
    1. Remove the silicone gasket remover with a plastic scraper. A second application of silicone gasket remover may be required if residual traces of silicone or gasket material remain.
    1. Apply metal surface prep, following package directions, to remove any remaining traces of oil or coolant and to prepare the surfaces to bond with the new gasket. Do not attempt to make the metal shiny. Some staining of the metal surfaces is normal.
  1. Support the cylinder head on a bench with the head gasket side up. Check the cylinder head distortion and the cylinder block distortion. For additional information, refer to Section 303-00.
    In-Vehicle Repair
    Upper Intake Manifold Removal NOTICE: If the engine is repaired or replaced because of upper engine failure, typically including valve or piston damage, check the intake manifold for metal debr ...

    Disassembly
    Engine Special Tool(s) Material NOTICE: During engine repair procedures, cleanliness is extremely important. Any foreign material, including any material created while cleaning gasket surfa ...

    Other materials:

    General Procedures
    Solenoid Body Identification Procedure Original Solenoid Body Service Tag Using the scan tool, select Powertrain, Transmission and Transmission Solenoid Body Identification from the toolbox icon and follow the instructions displayed on the scan tool. The solenoid body identification screen di ...

    Rear-view camera system
    WARNING: The rear view camera system is a reverse aid supplement device that still requires the driver to use it in conjunction with the interior and exterior mirrors for maximum coverage. WARNING: Objects that are close to either corner of the bumper or under the bumper, might not be seen on t ...

    Diagnosis and Testing
    Handles, Locks, Latches and Entry Systems Special Tool(s) Material DTC Charts Diagnostics in this manual assume a certain skill level and knowledge of Ford-specific diagnostic practices. Refer to Diagnostic Methods in Section 100-00 for information about these practices. DDM DTC C ...