Ford Taurus Service Manual: General Procedures, Removal and Installation

GENERAL PROCEDURES

Tire Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS) Sensor Training - Integrated Keyhead Transmitter (IKT)

Special Tool(s)

Ford Taurus. Suspension

NOTE: If the vehicle has been stationary for more than 30 minutes, the sensors will go into a "sleep mode" to conserve battery power. It will be necessary to wake them up so they will transmit the latest tire pressure information. For additional information, refer to Tire Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS) Sensor Activation in this section.

NOTE: The tire pressure sensor training procedure must be done on a single vehicle, in an area without radio frequency noise and at least 1 m (3 ft) away from other vehicles equipped with a Tire Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS).

Radio frequency noise is generated by electrical motors and appliance operation, cellular telephones, remote transmitters, power inverters and portable entertainment equipment.

NOTE: If a sensor does not respond to the Tire Pressure Monitor Activation Tool, attempt to activate the same sensor with the Tire Pressure Monitor Activation Tool. If the sensor still does not respond, move the vehicle to rotate the wheels at least one-fourth turn and attempt to activate the same sensor again.

NOTE: The BCM has a 2-minute time limit between sensor responses. If the BCM does not recognize any 1 of the 4 tire pressure sensors during this time limit, the horn will sound twice and the message center (if equipped) will display TIRE NOT TRAINED REPEAT and the entire procedure must be repeated.

NOTE: For vehicles with different front and rear tire pressures (such as the E-Series and certain F-Series), the tire pressure sensors must be trained following a tire rotation. Failure to train the sensors will cause the TPMS indicator to illuminate. For vehicles with the same tire pressure for front and rear tires, tire rotation will not affect the system.

  1. NOTE:  An animated version of this procedure is available on-line.

    Turn the ignition switch to the OFF position, then press and release the brake pedal.

  1. Cycle the ignition switch from the OFF position to the RUN position 3 times, ending in the RUN position.
  1. Press and release the brake pedal.
  1. Turn the ignition switch to the OFF position.
  1. Turn the ignition switch from the OFF position to the RUN position 3 times, ending in the RUN position.
    • The horn will sound once and the TPMS indicator will flash if the training mode has been entered successfully. If equipped, the message center will display TRAIN LF TIRE.
  1. NOTE: It may take up to 6 seconds to activate a tire pressure sensor. During this time, the Tire Pressure Monitor Activation Tool must remain in place at the valve stem.

    Place the Tire Pressure Monitor Activation Tool on the LF tire sidewall at the valve stem. Press and release the test button on the Tire Pressure Monitor Activation Tool. The horn will sound briefly to indicate that the tire pressure sensor has been recognized by the BCM.

  1. Within 2 minutes of the horn sounding, place the Tire Pressure Monitor Activation Tool on the RF tire sidewall at the valve stem and press and release the test button to train the RF tire pressure sensor.

    Ford Taurus. Suspension

  1. NOTE: Do not wait more than 2 minutes between training each sensor or the BCM will time out and the entire procedure must be repeated.

    Repeat Step 7 for the RR and LR tires.
    The procedure is completed after the last tire has been trained. When the training procedure is complete, the message center (if equipped) will display TIRE TRAINING COMPLETE.
    For vehicles not equipped with a message center, successful completion of the training procedure will be verified by turning the ignition switch to the OFF position without the horn sounding. If the horn sounds twice when the switch is turned to the OFF position, the training procedure was not successful.

  1. Using the scan tool, locate the updated TPMS sensor identifiers trained to the BCM and document them on the applicable warranty claim.
  1. NOTE: This step is required to clear DTC B1182:55, cause the BCM to exit the manufacturing mode and to make sure there are no other concerns with a newly programmed BCM.

    If the sensors are being trained due to the installation of a new BCM, clear any DTCs and carry out the BCM On-Demand Self Test.

Tire Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS) Sensor Training - Intelligent Access (IA)

Special Tool(s)

Ford Taurus. Suspension

NOTE: If the vehicle has been stationary for more than 30 minutes, the sensors will go into a "sleep mode" to conserve battery power. It will be necessary to wake them up so they will transmit the latest tire pressure information. For additional information, refer to Tire Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS) Sensor Activation in this section.

NOTE: The tire pressure sensor training procedure must be done on a single vehicle, in an area without radio frequency noise and at least 1 m (3 ft) away from other vehicles equipped with a Tire Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS).

Radio frequency noise is generated by electrical motors and appliance operation, cellular telephones, remote transmitters, power inverters and portable entertainment equipment.

NOTE: If a sensor does not respond to the Tire Pressure Monitor Activation Tool, attempt to activate the same sensor with the Tire Pressure Monitor Activation Tool. If the sensor still does not respond, move the vehicle to rotate the wheels at least one-fourth turn and attempt to activate the same sensor again.

NOTE: The BCM has a 2-minute time limit between sensor responses. If the BCM does not recognize any 1 of the 4 tire pressure sensors during this time limit, the horn will sound twice and the message center (if equipped) will display TIRE NOT TRAINED REPEAT and the entire procedure must be repeated.

NOTE: For vehicles with different front and rear tire pressures (such as the E-Series and certain F-Series), the tire pressure sensors must be trained following a tire rotation. Failure to train the sensors will cause the TPMS indicator to illuminate. For vehicles with the same tire pressure for front and rear tires, tire rotation will not affect the system.

  1. With the ignition OFF, press and release the brake pedal.
  1. Using the start/stop switch, position the ignition from OFF to RUN 3 times, ending in the RUN position.
  1. Press and release the brake pedal.
  1. Position the ignition to OFF position.
  1. Using the start/stop switch, position the ignition from OFF to RUN 3 times, ending in the RUN position.
    • The horn will sound once and the TPMS indicator will flash if the training mode has been entered successfully. If equipped, the message center will display TRAIN LF TIRE.
  1. NOTE: It may take up to 6 seconds to activate a tire pressure sensor. During this time, the Tire Pressure Monitor Activation Tool must remain in place at the valve stem.

    Place the Tire Pressure Monitor Activation Tool on the LF tire sidewall at the valve stem. Press and release the test button on the Tire Pressure Monitor Activation Tool. The horn will sound briefly to indicate that the tire pressure sensor has been recognized by the BCM.

  1. Within 2 minutes of the horn sounding, place the Tire Pressure Monitor Activation Tool on the RF tire sidewall at the valve stem and press and release the test button to train the RF tire pressure sensor.

    Ford Taurus. Suspension

  1. NOTE: Do not wait more than 2 minutes between training each sensor or the BCM will time out and the entire procedure must be repeated.

    Repeat Step 7 for the RR and LR tires.
    The procedure is completed after the last tire has been trained. When the training procedure is complete, the message center (if equipped) will display TIRE TRAINING COMPLETE.
    For vehicles not equipped with a message center, successful completion of the training procedure will be verified by turning the ignition switch to the OFF position without the horn sounding. If the horn sounds twice when the switch is turned to the OFF position, the training procedure was not successful.

  1. Using the scan tool, locate the updated TPMS sensor identifiers trained to the BCM and document them on the applicable warranty claim.
  1. NOTE: This step is required to clear DTC B1182:55, cause the BCM to exit the manufacturing mode and to make sure there are no other concerns with a newly programmed BCM.

    If the sensors are being trained due to the installation of a new BCM, clear any DTCs and carry out the BCM On-Demand Self Test.

Tire Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS) Sensor Activation

Special Tool(s)

Ford Taurus. Suspension

NOTE: The tire pressure sensors will go into a "sleep mode" when a vehicle is stationary to conserve battery power. The sensors do not transmit information while in sleep mode. It will be necessary to wake them up so they will transmit the latest tire pressure information.

  1. Turn the ignition switch to the ON position.
  1. Position the Tire Pressure Monitor Activation Tool against the LF tire sidewall at the tire valve stem.
  1. NOTE: The Tire Pressure Monitor Activation Tool will provide feedback in the form of a flashing green light and a beep sound for each successful response from a tire pressure sensor. This feedback may not always be present, do not rely on it as a confirmation that the module heard a particular sensor.

    NOTE: If a sensor does not respond to the Tire Pressure Monitor Activation Tool, move the vehicle to rotate the wheels at least one-fourth of a turn and attempt to activate the same sensor again. If the sensor still does not respond, attempt to activate the same sensor again using the customer activation tool (if available). If the sensor still fails to train, attempt to train the sensor with the vehicle doors open.

    Press the test button on the Tire Pressure Monitor Activation Tool to activate the sensor. Activate the sensor at least 2 times.
  1. Repeat Steps 2 and 3 for the remaining tires.
  1. If the Tire Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS) indicator remains illuminated after adjusting and activating each sensor, refer to the Symptom Chart in Diagnosis and Testing in this section.

REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION

Tire Pressure Monitor (TPM) Module

Removal

  1. Remove the parcel shelf. Refer to Section 501-05.
  1. NOTICE: Electronic modules are sensitive to static electrical charges. If exposed to these charges, damage may result.

    Ford Taurus. Suspension

Installation

  1. To install, reverse the removal procedure.

Wheel and Tire

Material

Ford Taurus. Suspension

NOTE: Typical 5 lug wheel shown.

Ford Taurus. Suspension

Ford Taurus. Suspension

Removal

  1. With the vehicle in NEUTRAL, position it on a hoist. For additional information, refer to Section 100-02.
  1. NOTICE: Do not use heat to loosen a seized wheel nut or damage to the wheel and wheel bearing can occur.

    NOTICE: If equipped with full wheel cover with exposed wheel nuts, the wheel nuts must be removed prior to removing the wheel cover or damage to the wheel cover will occur.

    Remove the 5 wheel nuts.
  1. Remove the wheel and tire assembly.

Installation

  1.  WARNING: When a wheel is installed, always remove any corrosion, dirt or foreign material present on the mounting surface of the wheel and the mounting surface of the wheel hub, brake drum or brake disc. Make sure that any fasteners that attach the rotor to the hub are secured so they do not interfere with the mounting surfaces of the wheel. Failure to follow these instructions when installing wheels may result in the wheel nuts loosening and the wheel coming off while the vehicle is in motion, which could result in loss of control, leading to serious injury or death to vehicle occupant(s).

    NOTICE: Make sure to apply a thin coat of anti-seize lubrication only to the interface between the wheel pilot bore and the hub pilot. Do not allow the anti-seize to make contact with the wheel-to-brake disc/drum mounting surface, wheel studs, wheel nuts, brake pads or brake disc friction surfaces or damage to components may occur.

    Clean the wheel mounting surfaces and apply a thin coat of anti-seize to the wheel hub pilot surface (wheel only).
  1. Install the wheel and tire assembly.
  1.  WARNING: Retighten wheel nuts within 160 km (100 mi) after a wheel is reinstalled. Wheels can loosen after initial tightening. Failure to follow this instruction may result in serious injury to vehicle occupant(s).

    NOTICE: Failure to tighten the wheel nuts in a star/cross pattern can result in high brake disc runout, which will speed up the development of brake roughness, shudder and vibration.

    NOTE: Police vehicles have special wheel nut requirements. Check wheel nut torque at every service increment.

    NOTE: The wheel nut torque specification is for clean, dry wheel stud and wheel nut threads.

    Install the 5 wheel nuts by hand.
    • Tighten the wheel nuts in a star/cross pattern.
      • All except Police Vehicles, tighten to 135 Nm (100 lb-ft).
      • Police Vehicles, tighten to 149 Nm (110 lb-ft).
    Diagnosis and Testing
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    Wheel and Tire Special Tool(s) Disassembly WARNING: The tire pressure monitoring system (TPMS) sensor battery may release hazardous chemicals if exposed to extreme mechanical damage. If these che ...

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