Ford Taurus Service Manual: Specifications, Description and Operation

SPECIFICATIONS

Torque Specifications

Ford Taurus. Body

DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION

Safety Belt System

 WARNING: All safety belt components must be inspected and corrected as part of any collision repair. Inspect all safety belt components as prescribed by Safety Belt Inspection and Repair After a Collision found in Section 501-20A General Procedures of this manual. Failure to follow this instruction may result in incorrect operation of the safety belt system and increase the risk of serious personal injury or death in a crash.

All the safety belts are continuous-loop, 3-point systems. The combination lap and shoulder belt (continuous-loop) uses a common slip tongue and retractor.

When replacing any active occupant restraint components, use only the replacement parts specified in the Ford Catalog Advantage or equivalent.

Active Restraint System Components

The active restraint system consists of the following:

  • Front safety belt shoulder height adjusters
  • Front row safety belt buckles attached to the inboard side of the seats
  • Driver safety belt retractor with retractor and anchor pretensioners, mounted behind (retractor) and under (anchor) the driver B-pillar trim panel
  • Passenger safety belt retractor with adaptive load limiting and retractor and anchor pretensioners, mounted behind (retractor) and under (anchor) the passenger B-pillar trim panel
  • Rear center safety belt retractor, attached to the parcel shelf sheet metal and RH safety belt buckle, attached to the floor pan under the rear seat cushion
  • Second row dual safety belt buckle assembly, attached to the floor pan under the rear seat cushion
  • Child safety seat lower anchors at the rear outboard seating positions, attached below the rear seat cushion
  • Second row LH and RH outboard safety belt retractors, attached to the parcel shelf sheet metal.
  • Child safety seat tether anchors, welded to the parcel shelf sheet metal for all 3 rear seating positions

Safety Belt Retractors

The safety belt retractors consists of the following features:

  • Adaptive load limiting retractor (front passenger only)
  • Safety belt retractor pretensioner (driver and front passenger only)
  • Dual locking mode
    • Emergency Locking Retractor (ELR)
    • Automatic Locking Retractor (ALR) (all except driver seat)

Adaptive Load Limiting

The adaptive load limiting safety belt retractor is a pyrotechnic device integrated with the front passenger safety belt retractor assembly. The adaptive load limiting safety belt retractor works in conjunction with the passenger safety belt anchor and retractor pretensioners to control the tension of the front passenger safety belt. The RCM monitors the readiness of the adaptive load limiting safety belt retractor. The RCM uses this information and all other information provided by the restraints system to determine what action is to be taken.

If a deployment of the adaptive load limiting safety belt retractor occurs, a new assembly must be installed. Refer to Safety Belt Retractor and Pretensioner.

The adaptive load limiting safety belt retractor is installed at the front passenger position only.

For adaptive load limiting safety belt retractor diagnostic information, refer to Section 501-20B.

Safety Belt Retractor Pretensioner

The pretensioner is a pyrotechnic device integrated with the driver and front passenger safety belt retractor that deploys when activated by the RCM to remove excess safety belt webbing from the shoulder and lap safety belt in the event of an impact. If a deployment of the safety belt retractor and pretensioner occurs, a new assembly must be installed. Refer to Safety Belt Retractor and Pretensioner.

For safety belt retractor and pretensioner diagnostic and disposal information, refer to Section 501-20B.

Automatic Locking Retractor (ALR)

The ALR mode is used when locking a child seat in an outboard seating position. The ALR mode is automatically activated when the safety belt webbing is fully extracted from the retractor and then allowed to retract. As the safety belt webbing is retracted back onto the spool, an audible clicking sound is made indicating the safety belt retractor is in ALR mode and the safety belt webbing will not pull back out of the safety belt retractor. To disengage the ALR mode, allow the safety belt webbing to fully retract back onto the spool. The ALR mode is disengaged when the webbing is free to extract and retract back into the retractor. For testing, refer to the appropriate Functional Test in Safety Belt System.

Emergency Locking Retractor (ELR)

The ELR is a vehicle-sensitive feature designed to activate and lock the safety belt webbing during hard braking, cornering hard or in an impact of approximately 24 km/h (15 mph). The ELR feature helps to reduce the forward movement of the driver and passengers. For testing, refer to the appropriate Functional Test in Safety Belt System.

Safety Belt Anchor and Pretensioner

The safety belt anchor and pretensioners are located at both front seating positions near the B-pillars. A safety belt mini-buckle and tongue are used to attach the safety belt retractor belt to the safety belt anchor and pretensioner. This is similar to a safety belt buckle and tongue but there is no release button on the mini-buckle.

The pretensioner is a pyrotechnic device that deploys when activated by the RCM to remove excess safety belt webbing from the shoulder and lap safety belt in the event of an impact. If a deployment of the safety belt anchor and pretensioner occurs, a new assembly must be installed. Refer to Safety Belt Anchor and Pretensioner.

For safety belt anchor and pretensioner diagnostic and disposal information, refer to Section 501-20B.

Safety Belt Buckles

Front Safety Belt Buckles

The safety belt buckle is located on the inboard side of the seat track and is for front seat occupants.

The front passenger safety belt buckle contains the BTS.

If the ignition is ON with the safety belt buckle electrical connector(s) disconnected, a DTC sets.

For safety belt buckle diagnosis and disposal information, refer to Section 501-20B.

Belt Tension Sensor (BTS)

The BTS is located in the front passenger safety belt buckle and operates as part of the OCS on the front passenger seat. To diagnose the BTS or OCS, refer to Section 501-20B.

Rear Safety Belt Buckles

The second row dual safety belt buckle assembly is attached to the floor pan under the rear seat cushion.

Child Safety Seat Restraints

Child Safety Seat Tether Anchors

The child safety seat tether anchors are a structural member of the parcel shelf sheet metal.

Lower Anchors and Tethers for Children

The lower anchors and tethers for children system is a standardized and uniform attachment system for installing child safety seats in all rear seating locations. Lower anchors and tethers for children-equipped child safety seats have 2 lower attachments that connect to 2 attachment points (6-mm wires) that protrude from the bight-line between the seat cushion and seat backrest. The lower anchors are 4 attachments secured to the floor pan behind the rear seat cushion.

If any of the lower anchors and tethers for children attachment points (6-mm wires) are damaged, a new component(s) must be installed.

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